Hardap Region is situated south of the Khomas, Erongo and Omaheke region, on the east along the 20? E Longitude line, the region is further sharing the national border with the Republic of Botswana and South Africa, and to the south it borders the Karas region and alongside the west it is bounded with the Atlantic Ocean. The region is named after a local dam which reflects on the prominent role played by the Hardap Dam in the agro-economic development of the region.
The region has a large variety of landscape: from the western coastline and the Namib dunes, to the well defined escarpment of the Naukluft Mountains that creates an interior plateau to the Kalahari Desert in the east.
The soils in the region can be classified into three groups: Aeolian sands, Calereousus soils; and Lithosols. The rainfall in the region varies from 50mm to 300mm decreasing from the east towards the west. The dry climate conditions are not only enhanced by the variability of the rainfall, but also by the extremely high evaporation rate during summer. The region has vast differences in temperature which can drop below freezing point and climb to above 40 degree Celsius.
The region has scare vegetation consisting of isolated trees, shrubs and grass. Some part of have typical savannah or steppe vegetation, which provide forage for some small stock, while in the area with the red-Kalahari sandy soil and water springs crop production is carried out.
Prominent physical characteristics of the region include the world’s oldest desert – the Namib Desert with the Kuiseb Valley and river were some oldest rock formations are found, part of the Namib Naukluft Park and the world famous Sossusvlei and Sesriem. The Hardap Dam provides water to areas within close proximity and for irrigation crop production schemes. The Hardap Irrigation Scheme is Namibia’s largest irrigation scheme.
SETTLEMENT PROFILEKlein Aub
Klein Aub was officially declared as a settlement in 1995, headed by an Advisory Committee (Settlement Advisory Committee). By virtue of mandate vested in the Settlement Advisory Committee, Klein Aub is represented at the Constituency Development Committee level. Approximately over a 3000 residents lived permanent in Klein Aub. Klein Aub could be considered for developing into a village as the settlement is having some growth potentials. The settlement is having a permanent clinic, special education school, a post and telecommunication offices, a couple of general dealers, churches, a recently inaugurated police office and various dwelling structures for the local inhabitants.
With some deposit of mineral resources found within the vicinity of the settlement, a mine used to operate on the site, extracting silver, copper and gold until its closure in 1987. This was relative one of the major source of income to the settlement.
Water and electricity infrastructures are in satisfactory condition as the water reticulation system has been upgraded and the settlement has been connected to the main electricity network as part of rural electrification programme.
Income is predominantly derived from local officials, surrounding small farmers and dependants working in Rehoboth and Windhoek.
Hoachanas is situated in the northern part of Hardap region. The place was declared as a settlement in March 2000. This settlement is known as the traditional seat of the Kai//khaun traditional authority and is headed by the Advisory Committee of the Council (Settlement Advisory Committee). The community comprises of approximately over 3000 inhabitants with socio-economical structures such as: dwelling units for the inhabitants; churches; clinic; two schools with hostel (primary and secondary school); and a couple of general dealers.
Prepaid electricity card system was introduced with the initial beneficiaries being a total number of 160 households. Apart from the mentioned electricity provision means, other individual units are connected to the conventional metering system. On water subject, a pre-paid water card system is in operation providing for a large section of the settlement. Build-Together Programme is receiving attention as well as community uplitment programme, as several dwelling units have been constructed and or extended through this programme through facilitation by the Regional Council.
Income is predominately derived from pensioners grant, some salary earners and self-income generation schemes and by largely subsistence communal farmers.
Head by the local development committee is the small settlement of Kriess in Gibeon constituency. The settlement is established on an area of 42 000 ha communal land.
Similarly to other settlements in the region, inhabitants of this small settlement are having access water and electricity. The overhead power line runs through the settlement from which eventually all the local premises and household units could benefit from.
A large number of the community are small subsistence, with merely fewer persons are defined under salary earners category. Income of the community is on the whole very low and unemployment is high. However, this home of residence to a few household shows some great potential for ostrich farming and other agricultural activities.
Establish on previous what was known as Farm Schlip, Schlip is another growth point in the region. Schlip consists of two sections, a well and formerly planned section and a squatter or informal part. The upgrading and formalization of the settlement came into existence when the Regional Council bought land from the previous owner in order to safeguard secure access of land to the local inhabitants.
Schlip is served by three schools, five churches, and seven businesses. Electricity is provided, with the construction of sewage facilities underway.
Riet-oog is the gateway for tourists to the southern part of Namibia (Maltahohe and the coast). This growth point comprises of approximately within 1000 houses and a couple of churches. More houses of varying quality are being built, with the visibility of an operational school and a clinic.
Water is derived from privately owned boreholes as underground water is seemingly in abundance. Pre-paid electricity meter is provided those households that can actually afford and benefit from the provision of electricity.
Income is predominantly derived from officials, pensioners, small commercial farmers (smaller economic units) and inhabitants working in Windhoek and Rehoboth.
Duineveld which literally means ‘dunes field’ in Afrikaans, is a home to approximately 300 households, a secondary school, a hostel, two churches and a tannery plus a small scale leather producing factory. The development of this yet another prominent growth point in the region has expanded across several different privately owned farmlands.
The provision of water is presently upgraded and a pre-paid electricity card system has been introduced.
The area also has a representation at the Constituency Development Committee.
Found in Gibeon constituency lies on a tourist route, which should further be exploited into some sort of eco-tourism income generating activities by the local inhabitants. The landscape offers a great tourist attraction and naturally expensive experience on the way to the coast and further southern based destinations.
In terms of development, Uibes has a long way to go as socio-economic infrastructures and services need to be introduced and penetrate into this strategically well located growth point.
Income is generally been derived from communal farming, pensioners and a few salary earners.